Regular physical exercise has been found to attenuate the genetic predisposition to obesity. However, it remains unknown what kinds of exercise can modify the genetic risk of obesity. A respective study included 18,424 unrelated Han Chinese adults aged 30–70 years who participated in the Taiwan Biobank (TWB).
A total of 5 obesity measures were investigated here, including body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage (BFP), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), as well as genetic data, lifestyle, harmful habits, food diet, and physical activity.
Subsequently, researchers were able to identify 97 variants of different genes that were correlated with the probability of obesity by one or more criteria.
As a result, it was found out that regular physical exercise has been found to attenuate the genetic predisposition to obesity.
Moreover, jogging is the most effective way, while mountain climbing comes second, followed by walking, some types of dance, and a longer practice of yoga.
Results show that performing Tai Chi, or playing table tennis was related to a reduced risk of central obesity, presumably because waist turning is frequently required when engaging in these two kinds of exercise.
The results of this study are presented in the PLOS Genetics magazine.