Nutrition can affect the course and effectiveness of the treatment of psoriasis, said experts from the University Hospital Leipzig. Junk food, which contains a lot of saturated fat, worsens the course of this disease. But unsaturated fats in the diet can alleviate the condition of the patient.
Psoriasis is a chronic non-infectious disease in which red, excessively dry spots form on the skin. Psoriasis affects 2-4% of the world's population, and the exact reasons for its development are not yet known to science, but the disease most likely has an autoimmune nature.
External factors (malnutrition, ecology, injuries, stress, etc.) are expected to exacerbate the problem. Overweight can also affect the course of psoriasis: in patients with extra pounds, severe forms of the disease are more common.
According to Professor Jan-Christoph Simon, one of the authors of the study, today there is a lot of information about the development of psoriasis and the influence of excess weight on it, but their relationship has not yet been proven.
Obesity and inflammation are interrelated problems, however, with psoriasis, the body is already undergoing an inflammatory process due to impaired immunity. Chronic inflammation, according to doctors, is stimulated by adipocytes - fat cells.
Experts found that saturated fatty acids contained in meat, sausages, french fries, fast foods, cheeses, pastries increase inflammation in the body and adversely affect the course of psoriasis.
But unsaturated fatty acids, for example, Omega-3, can favorably affect the disease. Omega-3 fatty acids protect the arteries from wear and have anti-inflammatory properties. Mackerel, salmon, herring, as well as in some direct-pressed vegetable oils also contain it.
Leipzig experts plan to continue to work on this issue to show how changing eating habits and diet affect the effectiveness and success of treating psoriasis.