October 29 marked World Stroke Day, which was launched by the World Stroke Organization (WSO) in 2006 with the goal of urgent action in the global fight against the disease.
But the history of the date celebrated today began in 2004, when the World Health Organization declared the stroke a global epidemic, and in 2006 the World Stroke Organization was created, which established this Day.
Today, the organization includes over 3,500 individual members and over 60 organizations from 85 countries. These are scientists, scientific organizations and stroke control societies.
Stroke is a condition in which, as a result of the cessation of blood flow to the brain due to blockage of an artery or outflow of blood through rupture of a vessel wall, damage or death of nerve cells occurs; it is a rapidly developing disturbance of cerebral circulation, with simultaneous damage to brain tissue and a violation of its functions.
Factors that can trigger a stroke are high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, obesity, lack of physical activity, smoking, and excessive alcohol consumption.
This disease to this day remains one of the main causes of death and disability in the world.
According to the WHO, as a result of stroke, 6.7 million people die annually worldwide. Vascular diseases account for more than half of deaths, and if recently a stroke occurred mainly in patients older than 55-60 years, then currently about a third of cases are people of working age (30-40 years).