A blood clot is a lump or clot of blood cells that travel and block blood vessels, preventing the transfer of nutrients and oxygen to brain cells, Eat This, Not That! neurologist Ignacio Carrillo-Nunez.
According to the specialist, there are many diseases or factors that increase the risk of blood clots, for example, in people with irregular heartbeats, uncontrolled diabetes, obesity, certain hereditary diseases.
The neurologist notes that a lot depends on the size of the clot, as well as its location: a small clot may not cause significant damage compared to a large clot, and a small clot located in a critical area of \u200b\u200bthe brain or heart can even be fatal.
Signs of a blood clot are pain, redness or swelling of one or both legs, sudden unexplained difficulty breathing, chest pain, irregular heartbeat, slurred speech, coughing up blood, or loss of coordination. If you have any of these symptoms and are taking birth control pills, contact your healthcare provider.
Because women with thrombosis have thicker blood, treatment includes the use of blood-thinning medications.
Sudden loss of consciousness may be a sign of a blood clot. When a blood clot is localized in a vessel in the brain or spinal cord, the formation of blood clots in many cases can be prevented, so stroke or blood clots in the brain are more likely to occur in patients with a large number of risk factors.
Other signs of a blood clot include:
Women at increased risk of blood clots include those who use estrogen-containing birth control, have high blood pressure, bleeding disorders, high cholesterol, cigarette smoking, infections, prolonged bed rest, a history of bleeding disorders, heart disease, and obese.